Generally speaking, the university systems in Europe and Australia
quite similar to the American systems. Most countries, especially
Sweden, Germany, Finland, Norwey, and Netherland, have special programs
called International Master's Program (IMP). It usually takes 1.5 to 2
years to complete such a
program. One of the advantages is that they do not have any tuition
except Student Union Fee which must be paid by each student.
English Language. English language
proficiency is the most critical requirement. A high level of spoken
and written English is required. Chalmers of Sweden accepts only the
following language tests and minimum scores:
This normally applies for both Master and PhD programs.
If someone wants to pursue a PhD degree in a university in the above
countries, normally the student is regarded as an employee and gets
a monthly minimum salary of 1500 US dollars. And it takes five years to
complete the PhD program successfully. In recent years, following the
downturn in the global economic conditions, it is becoming harder to
get accepted by a PhD program.
- Cambridge CPE or CAE: Pass
- IELTS (Academic): 6
- TOEFL: 550
- TOEFL computer based: 213
- TOEIC: 750
Educational Background. The
are quit similar for different fields or majors. One key requirement is
that the applicant's major in the graduate program he/she is applying
for must be the same as his/her past education background .
The procedures for applying to a university and for an entry
are easier in the above countries as compared to the United States. The
key for success is that you meet most of the conditions.
In the undergraduate program, each country uses their own
language in their universities.
Living. As to the everyday life,
and part time job in these
contries, it is not so easy to adjust to the life there because people
in those countries
mostly speak their own languages and are not so easily
approachable as compared to the people in the English-speaking
countries. This is
the biggest obstackle in finding a part-time job. Even a foreign
has a legal work permit status (normally one can work while attending a
school), it is not easy to find a job. And this may be
the biggest challenge for our students. Monthly costs in Sweden
is usually about 650 US dollars. If the student is lucky enough to find
to share an apartment, the rent can be reduced quite alot.
Application Steps. To enroll in a
Master's program in these countries, three major steps need to be
To enroll to a PhD program, you need to check the websites of
universities to find out if they have open PhD positions or not. If
they do, find the contact information of professors who have the open
positions and contact them directly. The key condition here is that
your research interests and background match with those of the
professor you are contacting with.
- Qualify in TOEFL (minium 550) and IELTS
(Academic minimum 6.0);
- Write letters to as many schools as possible
Application Forms and for other related information, including
Application Forms for scholarships. Or you can download the Application
Forms from the websites of the universities you are interested in. This
is more common today;
- Apply to several schools, that is, fill out
Forms and mail them with required application fee to the schools that
you wish to enroll (Some universities in Europe do not require an
application fee). The application time period is from October of this
year until the end of next Febrary, but some schools accept
applications twice a year.
2004 Uyghur Meripet Tor Béti
Bashqurghuchi: Erkin Sidiq